Configurations and recombining of the ritual devices and behaviours in the New World, in historical and contemporary societies.
Funerary Practices and Pattern in Ancient South America (PDF)
Andean ceremonial spaces: historic and anthropologic analysis (PDF)
Transformation of Religiosity in the Americas: between integration and resistance (PDF)
Image and Ritual in the Aztec World (PDF)
Rock Art in the Americas: mythology, cosmogony and rituals (PDF)
- Neo-traditionalisms in America (PDF)
Sacred Horizons: Readings from the Mayan World (PDF)
These conferences are organized by the Société des Américanistes de Belgique in collaboration with the Red Europea de Estudios Amerindios (REEA).
The Amerindian cultures were often recognized like societies having developed a very close relationship with nature. Moreover, the pointed knowledge of their environment and of what is attached to it impressed most the western observers at all times. It is thus in this context very appreciably marked by nature that the Amerindian traditions found a great part of their originality.
In spite of the great diversity of these traditions, the practices as far as ritual is concerned, refer however rather systematically to a triple base. The first one is the belief that various entities of nature have qualities which are characteristics of the human societies. However, and it is the second base, the human being, contrary to the animal, has the quality to think. The capacity to articulate a thought makes him responsible of the universe, among other, through appropriate behaviors and rituals. A third base appears in the constant fear, in case of non respect of these requirements, that the universe be condemned to entropy and to destruction. These three central axes of the Amerindian thought thus encourage the societies of the New World, largely non homogeneous, to realize different rituals which differ sensitively from one society to another in order to preserve the cosmic order as an equilibrated relationship to the environment.
The object of this conference will be to study and compare these various ritual autochtonous axes, in the heart of multiple particular contexts, historical and contemporary, from South, Central and North America.